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  1. The double sampling method known as “big BAF sampling” has been advocated as a way to reduce sampling effort while still maintaining a reasonably precise estimate of volume. A well-known method for variance de...

    Authors: Jeffrey H. Gove, Timothy G. Gregoire, Mark J. Ducey and Thomas B. Lynch

    Citation: Forest Ecosystems 2020 7:62

    Content type: Research

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  2. Larch (Larix Mill.) forests are widely distributed in the upper parts of mountainous areas in China, playing vital roles in constructing mountain landscapes and maintaining mountain environments. Despite their im...

    Authors: Wenjing Fang, Qing Zhao, Qiong Cai, Anwar Eziz, Guoping Chen, Yuhao Feng, Heng Zhang, Jiangling Zhu, Chengjun Ji, Zhiyao Tang and Jingyun Fang

    Citation: Forest Ecosystems 2020 7:61

    Content type: Research

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  3. The age of forest stands is critical information for forest management and conservation, for example for growth modelling, timing of management activities and harvesting, or decisions about protection areas. H...

    Authors: Johannes Schumacher, Marius Hauglin, Rasmus Astrup and Johannes Breidenbach

    Citation: Forest Ecosystems 2020 7:60

    Content type: Research

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  4. Nesting trees and habitat represent the key factor underpinning stand selection by forest-dwelling birds. While two large European species – the black stork (Ciconia nigra L.) and white-tailed eagle (Haliaaetus a...

    Authors: Grzegorz Zawadzki, Dorota Zawadzka, Anna Sołtys and Stanisław Drozdowski

    Citation: Forest Ecosystems 2020 7:59

    Content type: Research

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  5. Metabolic scaling theory predicts that plant productivity and biomass are both size-dependent. However, this theory has not yet been tested in plant roots.

    Authors: Qiang Deng, Zhiyou Yuan, Xinrong Shi, T. Ryan Lock and Robert L. Kallenbach

    Citation: Forest Ecosystems 2020 7:58

    Content type: Review

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  6. We contrast a new continuous approach (CA) for estimating plot-level above-ground biomass (AGB) in forest inventories with the current approach of estimating AGB exclusively from the tree-level AGB predicted f...

    Authors: Christoph Kleinn, Steen Magnussen, Nils Nölke, Paul Magdon, Juan Gabriel Álvarez-González, Lutz Fehrmann and César Pérez-Cruzado

    Citation: Forest Ecosystems 2020 7:57

    Content type: Research

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  7. Seed dispersal by scatter-hoarding animals can affect the developmental dynamics of plant communities. However, how animals might participate in plant inter-community competition has rarely been investigated. ...

    Authors: Haibin Kang, Mingjie Chang, Shutong Liu, Zhi Chao, Xinping Zhang and Dexiang Wang

    Citation: Forest Ecosystems 2020 7:56

    Content type: Research

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  8. The impacts of selective logging on ecosystem multifunctionality (EMF) remain largely unexplored. In this study, we analyzed the response of nine variables related to four ecosystem functions (i.e. nutrient cy...

    Authors: Xiaobo Huang, Shuaifeng Li and Jianrong Su

    Citation: Forest Ecosystems 2020 7:55

    Content type: Research

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  9. The local pivotal method (LPM) utilizing auxiliary data in sample selection has recently been proposed as a sampling method for national forest inventories (NFIs). Its performance compared to simple random sam...

    Authors: Minna Räty, Mikko Kuronen, Mari Myllymäki, Annika Kangas, Kai Mäkisara and Juha Heikkinen

    Citation: Forest Ecosystems 2020 7:54

    Content type: Research

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  10. The assessment of change in forest ecosystems, especially the change of canopy heights, is essential for improving global carbon estimates and understanding effects of climate change. Spaceborne lidar systems ...

    Authors: Tong Sun, Jianbo Qi and Huaguo Huang

    Citation: Forest Ecosystems 2020 7:53

    Content type: Research

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  11. Digital hemispherical photography (DHP) is widely used to estimate the leaf area index (LAI) of forest plots due to its advantages of high efficiency and low cost. A crucial step in the LAI estimation of fores...

    Authors: Jie Zou, Wei Hou, Ling Chen, Qianfeng Wang, Peihong Zhong, Yong Zuo, Shezhou Luo and Peng Leng

    Citation: Forest Ecosystems 2020 7:52

    Content type: Research

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  12. Metabolic scaling theory (MST) is still in debate because observed allometric exponents often deviate from MST predictions, and can change significantly depending on environment, phylogeny, and disturbance. We...

    Authors: Han Sun, Xiangping Wang and Dayong Fan

    Citation: Forest Ecosystems 2020 7:51

    Content type: Research

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  13. Many fire-dependent forests have experienced significant declines in species, structural, and functional diversity. These changes are attributed in part to traditional management approaches that were dominated...

    Authors: Priscilla A. Nyamai, P. Charles Goebel, R. Gregory Corace III and David M. Hix

    Citation: Forest Ecosystems 2020 7:50

    Content type: Research

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  14. The nitrogen isotope natural abundance (δ15N) provides integrated information on ecosystem N dynamics, and carbon isotope natural abundance (δ13C) has been used to infer how water-using processes of plants change...

    Authors: Guoyong Yan, Shijie Han, Mingxin Zhou, Wenjing Sun, Binbin Huang, Honglin Wang, Yajuan Xing and Qinggui Wang

    Citation: Forest Ecosystems 2020 7:49

    Content type: Research

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  15. Forest management has historically focused on provisioning of goods (e.g. timber, biomass), but there is an increasing interest to manage forests also to maintain biodiversity and to provide other ecosystem se...

    Authors: Matías G. Goldenberg, Facundo J. Oddi, Juan H. Gowda and Lucas A. Garibaldi

    Citation: Forest Ecosystems 2020 7:47

    Content type: Research

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  16. In the early twentieth century, forestry was one of the most important sectors in Norway and an agitated discussion about the perceived decline of forest resources due to over-exploitation was ongoing. To base...

    Authors: Johannes Breidenbach, Aksel Granhus, Gro Hylen, Rune Eriksen and Rasmus Astrup

    Citation: Forest Ecosystems 2020 7:46

    Content type: Discussion

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  17. In contrast with the negligible contribution of the forest understorey to the total aboveground phytobiomass of a forest, its share in annual litter production and nutrient cycling may be more important. Wheth...

    Authors: Dries Landuyt, Evy Ampoorter, Cristina C. Bastias, Raquel Benavides, Sandra Müller, Michael Scherer-Lorenzen, Fernando Valladares, Safaa Wasof and Kris Verheyen

    Citation: Forest Ecosystems 2020 7:45

    Content type: Research

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  18. The aim of this study was to construct a nationwide stand age model by using National Forest Inventory (NFI) data and nationwide airborne laser scanning (ALS) data. In plantation forestry, age is usually known...

    Authors: Matti Maltamo, Hermanni Kinnunen, Annika Kangas and Lauri Korhonen

    Citation: Forest Ecosystems 2020 7:44

    Content type: Research

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  19. The increasing availability of remotely sensed data has recently challenged the traditional way of performing forest inventories, and induced an interest in model-based inference. Like traditional design-based...

    Authors: Svetlana Saarela, André Wästlund, Emma Holmström, Alex Appiah Mensah, Sören Holm, Mats Nilsson, Jonas Fridman and Göran Ståhl

    Citation: Forest Ecosystems 2020 7:43

    Content type: Research

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  20. Modelling aboveground biomass (AGB) in forest and woodland ecosystems is critical for accurate estimation of carbon stocks. However, scarcity of allometric models for predicting AGB remains an issue that has n...

    Authors: Raymond Aabeyir, Stephen Adu-Bredu, Wilson Agyei Agyare and Michael J. C. Weir

    Citation: Forest Ecosystems 2020 7:41

    Content type: Research

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  21. Land-use change and forest management may alter soil organic matter (SOM) and nutrient dynamics, due in part to alterations in litter input and quality. Acacia was introduced in eucalypt plantations establishe...

    Authors: Lydie-Stella Koutika, Lorenzo Cafiero, Annamaria Bevivino and Agustín Merino

    Citation: Forest Ecosystems 2020 7:40

    Content type: Research

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  22. This study aimed to determine the litterfall production, accumulation, decomposition rate and nutrient stocks, and to estimate the soil carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) stocks in three palm swamp ecosystems with di...

    Authors: Gracielle de Brito Sales, Taynan Aquilles Marinho Lessa, Daniela Aparecida Freitas, Maria das Dores Magalhães Veloso, Maria Ligia de Souza Silva, Luiz Arnaldo Fernandes and Leidivan Almeida Frazão

    Citation: Forest Ecosystems 2020 7:39

    Content type: Research

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  23. Natural afforestation of former agricultural lands with alder species is common in Europe. Symbiotic nitrogen fixation by actinomycetes associated with alder species has been widely used for improvement of soi...

    Authors: Oļģerts Nikodemus, Dārta Kaupe, Imants Kukuļs, Guntis Brūmelis, Raimonds Kasparinskis, Iluta Dauškane and Agita Treimane

    Citation: Forest Ecosystems 2020 7:38

    Content type: Research

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  24. Forests are an important component of the global carbon (C) cycle and can be net sources or sinks of CO2, thus mitigating or exacerbating the effects of anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions. While forest produc...

    Authors: Oleksandra Hararuk, Werner A. Kurz and Markus Didion

    Citation: Forest Ecosystems 2020 7:36

    Content type: Research

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  25. Schima genus of Theaceae is confined to subtropics and tropics of South, East and Southeast Asia. Thirteen species of Schima are distributed in subtropical China. Many of them appear as dominant canopy species in...

    Authors: Cindy Q. Tang, Peng-Bin Han, Shuaifeng Li, Li-Qin Shen, Diao-Shun Huang, Yun-Fang Li, Ming-Chun Peng, Chong-Yun Wang, Xiao-Shuang Li, Wei Li, Wei Wang and Zhi-Ying Zhang

    Citation: Forest Ecosystems 2020 7:35

    Content type: Research

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  26. Climate change may strongly influence soil erosion risk, namely through variations in the precipitation pattern. Forests may contribute to mitigate the impacts of climate change on soil erosion and forest mana...

    Authors: Ana Raquel Rodrigues, Brigite Botequim, Catarina Tavares, Patrícia Pécurto and José G. Borges

    Citation: Forest Ecosystems 2020 7:34

    Content type: Research

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  27. The LiBackpack is a recently developed backpack light detection and ranging (LiDAR) system that combines the flexibility of human walking with the nearby measurement in all directions to provide a novel and ef...

    Authors: Yuyang Xie, Jie Zhang, Xiangwu Chen, Shuxin Pang, Hui Zeng and Zehao Shen

    Citation: Forest Ecosystems 2020 7:33

    Content type: Research

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  28. Soil and vegetation have a direct impact on the process and direction of plant community succession, and determine the structure, function, and productivity of ecosystems. However, little is known about the sy...

    Authors: Chan Chen, Xi Fang, Wenhua Xiang, Pifeng Lei, Shuai Ouyang and Yakov Kuzyakov

    Citation: Forest Ecosystems 2020 7:32

    Content type: Research

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  29. Forest canopy height is a key forest structure parameter. Precisely estimating forest canopy height is vital to improve forest management and ecological modelling. Compared with discrete-return LiDAR (Light De...

    Authors: Cheng Wang, Shezhou Luo, Xiaohuan Xi, Sheng Nie, Dan Ma and Youju Huang

    Citation: Forest Ecosystems 2020 7:31

    Content type: Research

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  30. Fires have a fundamental impact on phytocoenoses and, depending on the size of the fire, can have a positive or negative effect. The role of fires in the formation of the species composition of plants, restora...

    Authors: Ewa Błońska, Bartłomiej Bednarz, Magdalena Kacprzyk, Wojciech Piaszczyk and Jarosław Lasota

    Citation: Forest Ecosystems 2020 7:28

    Content type: Research

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  31. Scenario analyses that evaluate management effects on the long-term provision and sustainability of forest ecosystem services and biodiversity (ESB) also need to account for disturbances. The objectives of thi...

    Authors: Christian Temperli, Clemens Blattert, Golo Stadelmann, Urs-Beat Brändli and Esther Thürig

    Citation: Forest Ecosystems 2020 7:27

    Content type: Research

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  32. Tropical forests play a fundamental role in the provision of diverse ecosystem services, such as biodiversity, climate and air quality regulation, freshwater provision, carbon cycling, agricultural support and...

    Authors: Graciela Tejada, Eric Bastos Görgens, Alex Ovando and Jean Pierre Ometto

    Citation: Forest Ecosystems 2020 7:25

    Content type: Research

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  33. Global warming has brought many negative impacts on terrestrial ecosystems, which makes the vulnerability of ecosystems one of the hot issues in current ecological research. Here, we proposed an assessment met...

    Authors: Kai Xu, Xiangping Wang, Chao Jiang and Osbert Jianxin Sun

    Citation: Forest Ecosystems 2020 7:23

    Content type: Research

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  34. A number of hypotheses and theories, such as the Janzen-Connell hypothesis, have been proposed to explain the natural maintenance of biodiversity in tropical and temperate forest ecosystems. However, to date t...

    Authors: Arne Pommerening, Hongxiang Wang and Zhonghua Zhao

    Citation: Forest Ecosystems 2020 7:22

    Content type: Research

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  35. Forest management affects the viability of forest grouse populations, causing alterations to habitat quality. At the regional level, common targets for wood harvesting and safeguarding of specific habitats are...

    Authors: Helena Haakana, Esa Huhta, Hannu Hirvelä and Tuula Packalen

    Citation: Forest Ecosystems 2020 7:21

    Content type: Research

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  36. Much land is subject to damage by construction, development and exploitation with consequent loss of environmental function and services. How might the loss be recovered?

    Authors: Mike Mentis

    Citation: Forest Ecosystems 2020 7:19

    Content type: Research

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  37. Deep Learning Algorithms (DLA) have become prominent as an application of Artificial Intelligence (AI) Techniques since 2010. This paper introduces the DLA to predict the relationships between individual tree ...

    Authors: İlker Ercanlı

    Citation: Forest Ecosystems 2020 7:12

    Content type: Research

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  38. Net primary productivity (NPP) in forests plays an important role in the global carbon cycle. However, it is not well known about the increase rate of China’s forest NPP, and there are different opinions about...

    Authors: Yuhe Ji, Guangsheng Zhou, Tianxiang Luo, Yakir Dan, Li Zhou and Xiaomin Lv

    Citation: Forest Ecosystems 2020 7:15

    Content type: Research

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  39. Gap models are individual-based models for forests. They simulate dynamic multispecies assemblages over multiple tree-generations and predict forest responses to altered environmental conditions. Their develop...

    Authors: H. H. Shugart, Adrianna Foster, Bin Wang, Dan Druckenbrod, Jianyong Ma, Manuel Lerdau, Sassan Saatchi, Xi Yang and Xiaodong Yan

    Citation: Forest Ecosystems 2020 7:14

    Content type: Research

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