Open Access

Erratum to: Adaptation of forest management to climate change as perceived by forest owners and managers in Belgium

Forest Ecosystems20163:27

https://doi.org/10.1186/s40663-016-0084-5

Received: 31 October 2016

Accepted: 1 November 2016

Published: 12 December 2016

The original article was published in Forest Ecosystems 2016 3:22

Erratum

Unfortunately, after publication of this article (Sousa-Silva et al. 2016), it was noticed that the table legends for Tables 1 and 2 were incorrectly placed in the body of the text. The tables along with their corresponding legends can be seen below.
Table 1

Characteristics of respondents and samples of forest owners and forest managers

 

All respondents

Forest owners

Forest managers

Gender

 Male

88 %

87 %

90 %

 Female

12 %

13 %

10 %

Age

  < 30 years

9 %

5 %

14 %

 30–39 years

14 %

9 %

21 %

 40–49 years

20 %

17 %

23 %

  > 50 years

57 %

70 %

42 %

Forest location

 Flanders

55 %

58 %

51 %

 Wallonia

40 %

37 %

43 %

 Flanders & Wallonia

3 %

3 %

4 %

 Abroad

2 %

3 %

2 %

Education

 Basic education

1 %

1 %

0 %

 Secondary education

21 %

19 %

23 %

 Higher education

79 %

80 %

77 %

Income

 Average gross annual revenue

 

<500 €

-

Type of management

 Active/Passive

 

91 %/9 %

-

 Public/Private

 

-

54 %/46 %

Forest size

  < 2 ha

22 %

32 %

9 %

 2–199 ha

43 %

59 %

23 %

  > 200 ha

35 %

10 %

68 %

Member of a forest owners’ association

 Yes

52 %

61 %

40 %

 No

48 %

39 %

60 %

No. of observations

391

220

171

Forest owners were divided into two categories, depending on whether they manage their own forest (active owners) or not (passive owners). Forest managers, who do not own forest land, were either categorized as being in the public administration (public managers) or in the private sector (private managers). Revenue represents their self-reported total income received annually, before taking taxes or deductions into account, from the forests they own (considered together). Percentages may not total 100 % due to rounding

Table 2

Descriptive statistics of respondents and samples of forest owners and forest managers (in %)

 

All respondents

Owners (O)

Managers (M)

   

Active (O1)

Passive (O2)

Public (M1)

Private (M2)

P values H0: O = M

P values H0: O1 = O2

P values H0: M1 = M2

Belief:

Do you think that climate change is happening?

Yes

95

94

98

0.101

1a

0.337a

93.5

95

99

96

No

5

6

2

6.5

5

1

4

Experience:

Have you experienced any extreme weather conditions that you interpreted as caused by climate change?

Yes

50

41

59

< 0.001

0.201

0.008

42.5

25

49

71

No

50

59

41

57.5

75

51

29

Adaptation:

Have you adapted your forest management in response to climate change?

Yes

32

27

37

0.042

0.037

0.137

29.5

5

43

31

No

68

73

63

70.5

95

57

69

No. of observations

391

200

20

93

78

 

Forest owners were divided into two categories, depending on whether they manage their own forest (active owners) or not (passive owners). Forest managers, who do not own forest land, were either categorized as being in the public administration (public managers) or in the private sector (private managers). When asked whether they had undertaken climate change adaptation actions, respondents who answered ‘do not know’ were grouped together with those who answered ‘no’

aPearson’s Chi-squared test with simulated p-value (based on 10,000 replicates) by Monte Carlo test

Notes

Declarations

Open AccessThis article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
KU Leuven Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences
(2)
Earth and Life Institute, Environmental Sciences, Université catholique de Louvain
(3)
Forest & Nature Lab, Ghent University
(4)
Nature & Society research group, Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO)
(5)
Forest Institute (EFIMED), Sant Pau Historical Site

Reference

  1. Sousa-Silva et al. (2016) Adaptation of forest management to climate change as perceived by forest owners and managers in Belgium. Forest Ecosystems 3:22. doi:10.1186/s40663-016-0082-7

Copyright

© The Author(s). 2016