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Table 5 Simulated average seasonal water balance components under different climate and land use

From: Impacts of forestation on the annual and seasonal water balance of a tropical catchment under climate change

S Months R Water balance components
Q ET Qs Ql Qb
S1 DJF 1291.0 931.4 202.4 475.8 71.1 372.7
MAM 779.0 708.8 250.1 244.4 49.2 396.9
JJA 131.4 143.4 45.8 44.8 9.1 77.6
SON 449.7 230.5 99.2 145.7 19.9 58.7
S2 DJF 1291.0 919.5 −11.9 203.7 1.3 458.9 −16.9 74.7 3.6 374.2 1.5
MAM 779.0 708.1 −0.7 256.6 6.5 235.1 −9.3 51.5 2.3 402.9 6.1
JJA 131.4 141.4 −2.0 55.7 9.9 42.4 −2.4 9.5 0.4 77.5 −0.1
SON 449.7 221.5 −9.0 105.4 6.2 139.4 −6.2 20.2 0.2 55.8 −2.9
S3 DJF 1413.5 1060.6 129.2 221.7 19.3 521.0 45.2 80.3 9.2 444.9 72.2
MAM 813.6 722.5 13.7 276.2 26.1 226.2 −18.1 51.7 2.5 423.5 26.7
JJA 140.4 144.9 1.5 54.5 8.7 38.1 −6.7 10.3 1.2 83.2 5.5
SON 445.1 190.9 −39.6 108.0 8.8 123.1 −22.6 19.3 −0.7 42.1 −16.6
S4 DJF 1413.5 1048.4 117.0 222.9 20.5 502.8 27.0 84.4 13.3 446.8 74.1
MAM 813.6 722.0 13.2 283.1 33.1 217.0 −27.4 54.0 4.8 429.7 32.8
JJA 140.4 143.0 −0.4 66.7 20.9 36.1 −8.7 10.6 1.5 82.9 5.3
SON 445.1 180.2 −50.3 114.4 15.2 116.3 −29.3 19.2 −0.7 38.3 −20.4
  1. S is simulation scenarios, R is the mean monthly rainfall (mm), Q is mean monthly streamflow (mm), ET is mean monthly evapotranspiration (mm), Qs is mean monthly surface runoff (mm), Ql is mean monthly lateral flow (mm), and Qb is mean monthly base flow. is a relative change compared to the baseline scenario (S1). DJF is from December to February, MAM is from March to May, JJA is from June to August, SON is from September to November