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Table 4 Displacement factors for other products

From: Wood substitution potential in greenhouse gas emission reduction–review on current state and application of displacement factors

Other products DFs
Authors Country Description DF Unit
Härtl et al. (2017) Germany Paper, cardboard and chipboard replace plastics 1.30 t C fossil/t C timber
Knauf et al. (2015) Germany Wood-based packaging 1.35 t C/t C
Fortin et al. (2012) France Wood replaces steel in heavy packaging 0.0117 (sawlog part), 0.0621 (panel board part) t C/t C
Mg/m3 of C eq.
Fortin et al. (2012) France Office furniture 0.043 Mg/m3 of C eq.
Fortin et al. (2012) France Kitchen furniture 0.069 Mg/m3 of C eq.
Fortin et al. (2012) France Home furniture 0.043 Mg/m3 of C eq.
Fortin et al. (2012) France Chairs 0.043 Mg/m3 of C eq.
Fortin et al. (2012) France Beds 0.043 Mg/m3 of C eq.
Rüter et al. (2016) Europe Pallets in 2030 0.35 kg CO2-eq./kg HWP
Knauf et al. (2015) Europe Wooden transportation products vs. plastic, metal 1.62 t C/t C
Rüter et al. (2016) Europe Viscose replacing textiles in 2010 4.53 kg CO2-eq./kg HWP
Rüter et al. (2016) Europe Viscose replacing textiles in 2030 3.62 kg CO2-eq./kg HWP
Rüter et al. (2016) Europe Polyol in 2010 0.77 kg CO2-eq./kg HWP
Rüter et al. (2016) Europe Polyol in 2030 0.616 kg CO2-eq./kg HWP
Rüter et al. (2016) Europe Office furniture 2010 0.73 kg CO2-eq./kg HWP
Rüter et al. (2016) Europe Office furniture 2030 0.58 kg CO2-eq./kg HWP
Hurmekoski et al. (2020) Finland Plastic components for cars (replacing polypropylene) 7.38 t C/t C
Hurmekoski et al. (2020) Finland Ethylene in packaging (replacing PE, PET) 1.40 t C/t C
Hurmekoski et al. (2020) Finland Textiles (viscose) 4.0 t C/t C
Hurmekoski et al. (2020) Finland Kraft pulp based packaging (carton boards, sack paper) 1.40 t C/t C
Hurmekoski et al. (2020) Finland Furniture replacement 0.9 t C/t C