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Table 1 Descriptive statistics of inbreeding level under the genetic distance-based IAPGA, RCB, and ONA designs for first (1st), second (2nd), and mixed generation seed orchards

From: Improved genetic distance-based spatial deployment can effectively minimize inbreeding in seed orchard

Statistics 1st gen SO 2nd gen SO Mixed gen SO
IAPGA RCB ONA IAPGA RCB ONA IAPGA RCB ONA
Mean 3.624 4.155 3.907 3.471 4.260 3.802 3.652 4.187 3.984
Standard deviation (SD) 0.640 0.764 0.699 0.620 0.761 0.682 0.586 0.722 0.631
Variance 0.409 0.584 0.488 0.384 0.580 0.465 0.343 0.521 0.398
Minimal value 1.512 1.067 1.699 1.434 1.584 1.643 1.510 1.081 1.564
Maximum value 4.801 5.575 5.001 4.821 5.316 4.966 4.949 5.702 5.464
Sum 1565.760 1795.040 1687.689 1221. 900 1499.350 1338.368 3272.830 3751.960 3570.000
Coefficient of variation (CV) 0.1765 0.1839 0.1789 0.1786 0.1787 0.1793 0.1604 0.1723 0.1583
Relative percentage (%) 87.22 92.78 81.49 91.30 87.23 91.67
  1. IAPGA Improved adaptive parallel genetic algorithm; RCB Randomized complete block design; ONA Optimum neighborhood algorithm. Relative percentage (RCB) = Sum (IAPGA)/Sum (RCB); Relative percentage (ONA) = Sum (IAPGA)/Sum (ONA)