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Table 1 Location and climatic characteristics of the three study regions (National board of survey geographical society of Finland 1987; Rouvinen et al. 2002b; Nazarova 2011)

From: Tree diametric-species diversity is affected by human impact in old Scots pine dominated forest in boreal Fennoscandia

 HämeKuhmoVienansalo
Location62° N, 24° E64° N, 29° E65° N, 30° E
Altitude (m.a.s.l.)180200155
Mean Temperature (°C)31.51
Precipitation (mm)650650650
Growing season (days)160–165145–150134–159
Mean effective temperature sum (threshold, 5 °C)1000900900