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Table 5 Spearman rank correlation between the frequency of tree appearance and seasonal climatic variables

From: Climate change evidence in tree growth and stand productivity at the upper treeline ecotone in the Polar Ural Mountains

 Forest type
TreelineOpen forestClosed forest
LarchSpruceLarchSpruceLarchSpruce
Temperature
 Growth period (5–8)0.93*0.550.570.33−0.55− 0.28
 Dormant period (p9–4)0.510.190.54−0.010.130.32
Precipitation
 Growth period (5–8)0.78*0.73*0.510.67*− 0.30−0.11
 Dormant period (p9–4)0.86*0.71*0.600.63*− 0.46−0.16
  1. *N = 11, p < 0.05