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Table 4 Correlation between rate of biomass accumulation and radial growth (annual data)/tree establishment (averaged over decades) for the tree forest types differentiated by species

From: Climate change evidence in tree growth and stand productivity at the upper treeline ecotone in the Polar Ural Mountains

 Forest type
TreelineOpen forestClosed forest
SpeciesLarchSpruceLarchSpruceLarchSpruce
Tree-ring width0.230.86*0.63*0.70**0.59*0.82*
Tree establishment0.94***−0.110.49−0.92−0.64− 0.40
  1. *N = 115, p < 0.01; **N = 74, p < 0.01; ***N = 11, p < 0.05