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Table 3 Shrub, herb, and fern species documented in study plots in a mixed-pine forest ecosystem in the eastern Upper Peninsula of Michigan, USA

From: Regeneration patterns of key pine species in a mixed-pine forest indicate a positive effect of variable retention harvesting and an increase in recruitment with time

Shrubs Scientific name
 Lowbush blueberry Vaccinium angustifolium Aiton
 Velvet-leaf blueberry Vaccinium myrtilloides Michx.
 Wintergreen Gaultheria procumbens L.
 Black huckleberry Gaylussacia baccata (Wangenh.) K. Koch
 Sand cherry Prunus pumila L.
 Sweetfern Comptonia peregrina (L.) J.M. Coult.
 Bush honeysuckle Diervilla lonicera Mill.
 Trailing arbutus Epigaea repens L.
 Running serviceberry Amelanchier stolonifera Wiegand
 Downy serviceberry Amelanchier arborea (Michx. f.) Fernald
 Labrador tea Ledum groenlandicum Oeder
 Leatherleaf Chamaedaphne calyculata (L.) Moench
Herbs
 Bunchberry dogwood Cornus canadensis L.
 Starflower Trientalis borealis Raf.
 Canada mayflower Maianthemum canadense Desf.
 Cowwheat Melampyrum lineare Desr.
 Sheep sorrel Rumex acetosella L.
Ferns
 Bracken fern Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn