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Table 2 Partial mantel correlations testing i) the association between avifaunal beta-diversity and difference in elevational zone, while controlling for harvest-mediated habitat heterogeneity, and ii) the association between avifaunal beta-diversity and harvest-mediated habitat heterogeneity, while controlling for difference in elevation for plots sampled in Gomo forest, using presence/absence bird data to derive indices of dissimilarity: Sørensen’s index, Simpson’s index and Nestedness-resultant index

From: Harvesting of forest products and implications for Afrotemperate bird communities in a montane forest of the Eastern Cape, South Africa

 i) Does dissimilarity in avifaunal composition correspond to dissimilarity in elevation zone, controlling for difference in habitat heterogeneity?ii) Does dissimilarity in avifaunal composition correspond to dissimilarity in habitat heterogeneity, controlling for difference in elevational zone?
 Sørensen’s index (ßsor)Simpson’s index (ßsim)Nestedness-resultant index (ßnes)Sørensen’s index (ßsor)Simpson’s index (ßsim)Nestedness-resultant index (ßnes)
Forest-specialist guild0.19*0.070.100.130.23*−0.15
Forest-generalist guild0.30**−0.0020.37**0.27*0.160.09
  1. Values in bold, with asterisks indicate significant correlations
  2. * P < 0.05; ** P < 0.01