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Table 2 List of indicator species that are strongly associated to each fire severity level and to the unburned forest (using 999 random permutations at α = 0.05)

From: Impacts of fire severity and cattle grazing on early plant dynamics in old-growth Araucaria-Nothofagus forests

Group/species A B p-value
Unburned forest (UN)
Myoschilos oblongum 0.99 1.00 0.001***
Gavilea lutea 0.80 0.80 0.015**
Lagenophora hariotii 1.00 0.60 0.027*
Perezia prenanthoides 1.00 0.60 0.027*
Low severity (LS)
Acaena ovalifolia 0.94 1.00 0.001***
Berberis serratodentata 0.93 1.00 0.002**
Ribes trilobum 0.89 1.00 0.001***
Uncinia scabriuscula 0.87 1.00 0.001***
Veronica serpyllifolia 0.77 0.80 0.035*
High severity (HS)
Eleocharis melanostachys 1.00 0.80 0.008**
Epilobium glaucum 0.81 0.80 0.020*
UN + LS
Maytenus disticha 0.97 1.00 0.001***
Nothofagus pumilio 0.96 1.00 0.001***
Osmorhiza chilensis 1.00 0.90 0.001***
Adenocaulon chilense 1.00 0.80 0.003**
UN + Moderate severity (MS)
Senecio pilquensis 1.00 0.80 0.003**
LS + MS
Alstroemeria aurea 0.96 0.90 0.016*
Montyopsis gayana 1.00 0.70 0.017*
UN + LS + MS
Ribes magellanicum 1.00 0.93 0.003***
  1. The A value is the specificity of a species to a particular group, and the B value is the sensitivity of a species to occur within a particular group. Significant differences are represented by *** p < 0.001, ** p < 0.01, * p < 0.05. Note that underlined names correspond to non-native species