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Table 7 The effect of pine forest types in northern Israel (Dense forest, DF and Open forest, OF, both with developed understory vegetation and a pine forest without understory, NF) on the three complexity indices in each season using ANOVA

From: Understory vegetation in planted pine forests governs bird community composition and diversity in the eastern Mediterranean region

Season Type III sum of squares df Mean square F Sig.
Normalized degree
 Fall Corrected model 0.486b 2 0.243 15.616 0.000
Intercept 21.552 1 21.552 1383.898 0.000
Habitat 0.486 2 0.243 15.616 0.000
Error 0.436 28 0.016   
Total 24.042 31    
Corrected total 0.922 30    
 Spring Corrected model 0.018c 2 0.009 0.471 0.627
Intercept 32.062 1 32.062 1663.980 0.000
Habitat 0.018 2 0.009 0.471 0.627
Error 0.944 49 0.019   
Total 34.268 52    
Corrected total 0.962 51    
 Winter Corrected model 0.262d 2 0.131 12.842 0.000
Intercept 19.497 1 19.497 1910.898 0.000
Habitat 0.262 2 0.131 12.842 0.000
Error 0.245 24 0.010   
Total 22.634 27    
Corrected total 0.507 26    
Weighted degree
 Fall Corrected model 649.161b 2 324.581 6.349 0.005
Intercept 1722.839 1 1722.839 33.700 0.000
Habitat 649.161 2 324.581 6.349 0.005
Error 1431.442 28 51.123   
Total 4251.940 31    
Corrected total 2080.603 30    
 Spring Corrected model 482.364c 2 241.182 2.533 0.090
Intercept 3587.223 1 3587.223 37.680 0.000
Habitat 482.364 2 241.182 2.533 0.090
Error 4664.930 49 95.203   
Total 9404.414 52    
Corrected total 5147.294 51    
 Winter Corrected model 422.295d 2 211.147 3.049 0.066
Intercept 1364.453 1 1364.453 19.706 0.000
Habitat 422.295 2 211.147 3.049 0.066
Error 1661.778 24 69.241   
Total 3867.003 27    
Corrected total 2084.073 26    
Closeness
 Fall Corrected model 1.477b 2 0.739 5.068 0.013
Intercept 6.915 1 6.915 47.442 0.000
Habitat 1.477 2 0.739 5.068 0.013
Error 4.081 28 0.146   
Total 12.500 31    
Corrected total 5.558 30    
 Spring Corrected model 0.184c 2 0.092 21.695 0.000
Intercept 2.106 1 2.106 497.332 0.000
Habitat 0.184 2 0.092 21.695 0.000
Error 0.207 49 0.004   
Total 2.339 52    
Corrected total 0.391 51    
 Winter Corrected model 0.127d 2 0.063 1.267 0.300
Intercept 3.995 1 3.995 80.016 0.000
Habitat 0.127 2 0.063 1.267 0.300
Error 1.198 24 0.050   
Total 5.972 27    
Corrected total 1.325 26