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Table 5 Total number and diversity indices (Alpha and Gamma) of birds observed in each type of forest habitat during the study (all seasons pooled)

From: Understory vegetation in planted pine forests governs bird community composition and diversity in the eastern Mediterranean region

Species name Dense forest (DF) No understory forest (NF) Open forest (OF) Total
Accipiter nisus 10 1 1 12
Alectoris chukar 10 0 9 19
Aquila pomarina 1 1 0 2
Buteo buteo 0 1 1 2
Carduelis carduelis 1 0 2 3
Carduelis chloris 4 0 4 8
Cinnyris osea 0 0 1 1
Clamator glandarius 0 3 0 3
Coccothraustes coccothraustes 0 0 1 1
Columba palumbus 0 13 43 56
Corvus cornix 17 4 12 33
Erithacus rubecula 31 0 34 65
Falco subbuteo 2 0 0 2
Falco tinnunculus 4 1 6 11
Fringilla coelebs 53 61 59 173
Garrulus glandarius 42 29 28 99
Hippolais languida 1 0 0 1
Oriolus oriolus 0 2 0 2
Parus major 49 7 58 114
Phylloscopus collybita 58 21 48 127
Phylloscopus trochilus 6 0 0 6
Prinia gracilis 1 0 0 1
Psittacula krameri 0 0 2 2
Scolopax rusticola 2 0 0 2
Streptopelia decaocto 37 31 47 115
Streptopelia turtur 1 0 0 1
Sylvia atricapilla 3 0 1 4
Sylvia curruca 0 1 0 1
Sylvia hortensis 0 0 1 1
Sylvia melanocephala 246 17 196 459
Troglodytes troglodytes 10 0 1 11
Turdus merula 69 4 57 130
Turdus philomelos 0 0 1 1
Total 658 205 613 1476
Alpha Diversity 23 16 23  
Gamma Diversity     33