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Table 1 The total numbers of the most common 10 bird species observed in the three types of forest habitats (normalized by number of visits per site, all seasons pooled)

From: Understory vegetation in planted pine forests governs bird community composition and diversity in the eastern Mediterranean region

Species name Common name No understory forest Dense forest Open forest Total
Sylvia melanocephala Sardinian warbler 17a 185b 196b 459**
Fringilla coelebs Common chaffinch 61 40 59 173
Turdus merula Blackbird 4a 52b 57b 130**
Phylloscopus collybita Chiffchaff 21 43.5 48 127
Streptopelia decaocto Collared dove 31 28 47 115
Parus major Great tit 7a 37b 58b 114*
Garrulus glandarius Eurasian jay 29 32 28 99
Erithacus rubecula European robin 0a 22b 34b 65*
Columba palumbus Common wood pigeon 13 0 43 56
Corvus cornix Hooded crow 4 13 12 33
  1. (*) significantly lower abundance, a p-value of p < 0.001, in one-way ANOVA (different letters above bars indicate significant differences, Bonferroni Multiple Comparison Test, p < 0.05)
  2. (**) significantly lower abundance, a p-value of p < 0.0006, in one-way ANOVA (different letters above bars indicate significant differences, Bonferroni Multiple Comparison Test, p < 0.05)