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Fig. 5 | Forest Ecosystems

Fig. 5

From: Understory vegetation in planted pine forests governs bird community composition and diversity in the eastern Mediterranean region

Fig. 5

Network complexity indices (Mean ± S.E.) in the three forest types (NF in red, DF in blue, OF in gray) in each season using (a) interspecific interactions (normalized degree), b interaction frequency (weighted degree) and (c) distance among species (closeness). Different letter above bars followed significant ANOVA (Table 6 in Appendix) indicate significant differences (Bonferroni Multiple Comparison Test, p < 0.05)

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