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Table 1 Characteristics of the meteorological stations used in the study

From: Effects of long-term deforestation and remnant forests on rainfall and temperature in the Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia

40-year rainfall data (1970–2009)
Landscape unit Meteorological Station Northing
(m)
Easting
(m)
Elevation (m) Slope (degree) Sin (aspect) Cos (aspect) Distance to forest (km) Period
Rift valley floor Langano 477,935 830,871 1600 3.3 0.17 0.98 2 1981–2009
Bulbula 469,732 853,566 1610 1.03 −0.70 −0.70 23 1970–2009
Adami Tulu 467,545 868,876 1636 1.6 0.70 −0.70 27 1970–2009
Ziway 467,545 877,624 1640 2.0 1 0 31 1981–2009
Meki 480,121 900,589 1664 1.03 0 −1 44 1970–2009
Escarpments/highlands Wondo Genet 463,190 782,974 1880 6.25 −0.92 −0.39 6 1970–2009
Koshe 448,575 886,170 1910 1.7 0.17 0.98 31 1970–2009
Kuyera 806,928 461,367 1932 1.72 −1 0 13.5 1970–2009
Shashemene 453,994 792,195 1933 1.03 −0.64 0.76 19 1970–2009
Tora 435,696 869,603 1998 1.0 −1 0 35 1970–2009
Butajira 430,910 901,136 2000 2.5 0.37 −0.92 55 1970–2009
Degaga 479,097 822,688 2076 3.3 −0.64 0.76 4 1970–2009
Kulumsa 514,688 899,040 2202 4.5 −0.70 −0.70 18 1970–2009
Assela 514,021 879,265 2390 4.7 −1 0 6 1970–2009
Sagure 518,378 856,664 2480 2.0 −0.70 −0.70 18 1970–2009
Kofele 472,392 782,968 2620 1.7 −1 0 8 1970–2009
  Two-year rainfall data (2012–2013)
Escarpments/highlands Abaro mount 458,040 788,137 2325 8.5 −0.93 0.38 0.01 2012–2013
Gambo forest 479,028 806,917 2187 5.0 −0.93 0.38 0.3 2012–2013
Reji schl 474,611 802,498 2176 4.5 −0.93 0.38 0.4 2012–2013
Sole forest 462,460 792,556 2153 2.5 −0.93 0.38 0.1 2012–2013
Asheka leps 475,717 806,919 2145 1.7 −0.93 0.38 2.5 2012–2013
Kalo 472,403 803,604 2138 1.7 −0.93 0.38 2.8 2012–2013
Ebicha 459,146 790,347 2127 2.5 −1 0 1 2012–2013
Awasho 459,149 793,664 2035 2.5 0.17 0.98 2 2012–2013
Seyo meja 467,992 810,240 2035 1.7 0.7 0.7 11 2012–2013
Melka uda 459,152 798,086 1977 0.86 −0.93 0.38 7.5 2012–2013
Kerara fana 461,362 800,295 1973 1.7 −0.93 0.38 6.5 2012–2013
Augeta ilala 461,365 803,612 1972 0.86 −1 0 13.5 2012–2013
Arsi Negele 464,683 813,559 1941 2.5 −0.93 0.38 15 2012–2013
Shashemene 792,195 453,994 1933 1.03 −1 0 4 2012–2013
Kuyera 461,367 806,928 1932 1.72 −0.64 0.76 14.5 2012–2013