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Table 5 Understory index by groups (bare soil, debris, lichens, bryophytes, ferns, monocots and dicots) in Nothofagus forests, considering forest type (deciduous, mixed or evergreen) and landscape location (coast or mountain)

From: The influence of canopy-layer composition on understory plant diversity in southern temperate forests

Factor   Bare soil Debris Lichens Bryophytes Ferns Monocots Dicots
Type Deciduous 12.9 a 6.0 a 0.2 2.5 a 2.8 b 3.8 b 34.5
Mixed 26.7 b 11.0 b 0.7 10.7 b 0.2 a 2.4 ab 25.9
Evergreen 33.7 b 10.5 b 0.5 13.5 b 0.2 a 1.4 a 28.4
F(p) 10.22 (<0.001) 6.24 (0.004) 1.92 (0.157) 29.74 (<0.001) 4.60 (0.014) 3.88 (0.027) 2.53 (0.089)
Location Coast 32.2 b 11.0 b 0.8 b 5.4 a 2.0 b 1.5 a 30.5
Mountain 16.7 a 7.4 a 0.1 a 12.5 b 0.1 a 3.5 b 28.7
F(p) 16.36 (<0.001) 7.54 (0.008) 11.75 (0.001) 34.66 (<0.001) 6.00 (0.018) 7.52 (0.008) 0.33 (0.570)
Type × Location F(p) 0.19 (0.830) 0.40 (0.669) 1.57 (0.216) 10.62 (<0.001) 4.63 (0.014) 1.17 (0.319) 1.14 (0.327)
  1. F(p) = Fisher statistic with probability between brackets. Different letters show differences in Tukey test at p < 0.05
  2. The values are expressed as percentage