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Table 4 Understory ground cover by taxonomic groups in Nothofagus forests of Tierra del Fuego, according to forest type (deciduous, mixed, or evergreen) and landscape location (coast or mountain)

From: The influence of canopy-layer composition on understory plant diversity in southern temperate forests

Factor Lichens (%) Bryophytes (%) Ferns (%) Monocots (%) Dicots (%)
Type Deciduous 0.60 7.25 a 10.80 b 12.85 b 106.00 b
Mixed 0.90 19.10 b 0.30 a 3.95 a 38.75 a
Evergreen 0.65 27.00 c 0.40 a 3.20 a 45.55 a
F(p) 0.41 (0.663) 23.22 (<0.001) 10.33 (<0.001) 14.07 (<0.001) 11.04 (<0.001)
Location Coast 1.00 b 8.33 a 6.67 2.87 a 50.10 a
Mountain 0.43 a 27.23 b 1.00 10.47 b 76.77 b
F(p) 5.56 (0.022) 67.05 (<0.001) 3.34 (0.073) 15.96 (<0.001) 4.70 (0.034)
Type × Location F(p) 5.46 (0.007) 4.34 (0.018) 1.57 (0.218) 1.46 (0.241) 1.47 (0.240)
  1. F(p) = Fisher statistic with probability between brackets. Different letters show differences by Tukey test at p < 0.05.
  2. Variables were ln (Y + 1) transformed for the analysis, but not transformed data are shown