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Table 1 Stand structure of the study site 4 years after thinning

From: Response of understory vegetation over 10 years after thinning in an old-growth cedar and cypress plantation overgrazed by sika deer in eastern Japan

Species name Density (number∙ha−1) Mean DBH (cm) Mean Height (m) Basal area (m2∙ha−1)
  US MM LD US MM LD US MM LD US MM LD
Cryptomeria japonica 84 116 220 41.2 51.2 44.7 22.4 24.9 23.2 13.5 28.5 43.3
Chamaecyparis obtusa 176 96 44 28.9 40.3 34.2 17.6 22.8 21.1 16.5 14.9 5.5
Chamaecyparis pisifera    12    34.0    21.7    1.6
Magnolia obovata 52 20 8 29.1 26.0 26.0 19.1 19.0 16.6 4.9 1.5 0.6
Zelkova serrata 8 12 28 32.5 54.3 35.6 19.9 24.9 21.5 1.1 3.4 3.6
Pterocarya rhoifolia 16    58.0    23.3    5.4   
Acer diabolicum 4    23.0    22.6    0.3   
Phellodendron amurense var. japonicum 44    39.9    21.5    9.5   
Styrax japonica    4    11.0    4.9    0.1
Pterostyrax hispida    8 59.7   13.5 23.7   10.4    0.3
Conifer trees 260 212 276        30.0 43.4 50.4
broad-leaved trees 124 32 48        21.1 4.9 4.7
Total 384 244 324        51.1 48.3 55.0