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Table 2 Descriptive statistics of respondents and samples of forest owners and forest managers (in %)

From: Adaptation of forest management to climate change as perceived by forest owners and managers in Belgium

All respon-dents Owners (O) Managers (M)
Active (O1) Passive (O2) Public (M1) Private (M2) P values H0: O = M P values H0: O1 = O2 P values H0: M1 = M2
Belief: Do you think that climate change is happening?
 Yes 95 94 98 0.101 1a 0.337a
93.5 95 99 96
 No 5 6 2
6.5 5 1 4
Experience: Have you experienced any extreme weather conditions that you interpreted as caused by climate change?
 Yes 50 41 59 <0.001 0.201 0.008
42.5 25 49 71
 No 50 59 41
57.5 75 51 29
Adaptation: Have you adapted your forest management in response to climate change?
 Yes 32 27 37 0.042 0.037 0.137
29.5 5 43 31
 No 68 73 63
70.5 95 57 69
 No. of observations 391 200 20 93 78  
  1. aPearson’s Chi-squared test with simulated p-value (based on 10,000 replicates) by Monte Carlo test