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Table 1 Characteristics of the four dominant vegetation types found in Nyimba District, Eastern Province, Zambia

From: Model-based estimation of above-ground biomass in the miombo ecoregion of Zambia

Vegetation type Dominant species Structure Phenology Fire susceptibility of dominant species Soils and topography Source
Dry miombo woodland Brachystegia spiciformis, B. boehmii and Julbernardia globiflora Open to closed two layer canopy, with mean height ≤ 15 m; dense grass layer deciduous or semi-deciduous fire-tolerant Nutrient-poor, plateaus and hills Timberlake and Chidumayo (2011); GRZ (2014)
Mopane woodland Colophospermum mopane (generally monospecific) Open one layer canopy, with height ranging from 6 to 18 m; sparse grass layer deciduous fire-intolerant Clay dominated, on wide valley bottoms Timberlake (1995); Makhado et al. (2014); GRZ (2014)
Munga woodland Vechellia sp., Senegalia sp., Combretum sp., and trees associated with the Papilionoideae subfamily Open one or two layer canopy, emergents up to 18 m; dense grass layer deciduous fire-tolerant Nutrient-rich and well-drained, plateaus Timberlake and Chidumayo (2011); GRZ (2014)
Riparian forest Mixed Closed three layer canopy, up to 25 m; vines commonly occurring evergreen fire-intolerant Restricted to buffer zones around significant rivers GRZ (2014)