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Table 2 List of assessment tools and descriptions

From: A decision framework for identifying models to estimate forest ecosystem services gains from restoration

Abbreviation Tool name Developer Tool description & reference
ARIES Artificial Intelligence for Ecosystem Services Basque Centre for Climate Change (BC3) Framework to integrate multiple modeling paradigms in spatial modeling and mapping of ecosystem services. Supports artificial intelligence-based data and model selection through semantic modeling to quantify ecosystem service flows from ecosystems to beneficiaries (Villa et al. 2014,
Co$ting Nature Co$ting Nature King’s College London and AmbioTEK Mapping and modeling tool for multiple ecosystem services using global datasets. Quantifies ecosystem services as opportunity costs (i.e., avoided cost of producing those services from a non-natural capital substitute) (Mulligan 2015,
EcoMetrix EcoMetrix EcoMetrix Solutions Group and Parametrix Field-based tool designed for use at relatively fine spatial scales. Primary use is to illustrate the effects of human activities (i.e., development or restoration scenarios) on ecosystem services (Ecometrix Solutions Group 2013,
EnSym Environmental Systems Modelling Platform State of Victoria, Australia Environmental systems modeling platform for researchers to apply process-based models. Designed to provide information on how and where to invest to maximize environmental outcomes (Ha et al. 2010,
Envision Envision Oregon State University GIS-based tool for scenario-based planning and environmental assessment. Enables “multi-agent modeling” to represent human decisions on landscape simulations (Guzy et al. 2008,
ESR for IA Ecosystem Services Review for Impact Assessment World Resources Institute Method to address project impacts and dependencies on ecosystem services within the environmental and social impact assessment process. It identifies measures to mitigate project impacts on benefits provided by ecosystems and to manage operational dependency on ecosystems (Landsberg et al. 2011,
EVT Ecosystem Valuation Toolkit Earth Economics Provides monetary values for natural assets under multiple modules. Includes a Researcher’s Library, searchable database of ecosystem service values, and SERVES, a web-based tool for calculating ecosystem service values (Earth Economics2015,
InVEST Integrated Valuation of Ecosystem Services and Tradeoffs Natural Capital Project Spatial mapping and modeling of multiple ecosystem services. Includes a diverse set of provisioning, regulating, and cultural services from marine and terrestrial environments. The models primarily provide results in biophysical terms to which valuation can be applied (Sharp et al. 2014,
LUCI Land Utilisation and Capability Indicator Victoria University of Wellington Explores the capability of a landscape to provide a variety of ecosystem services. It compares the services provided by the current use of the landscape and its potential capability. The model uses this information to identify areas where change or maintenance of current conditions may be most beneficial (Jackson et al. 2013,
MIMES Multiscale Integrated Models of Ecosystem Services Afordable Futures Modeling platform designed to quantify causal linkages between ecosystems and the economy. MIMES allows an individual to map decisions/policies, and the output illustrates how those choices affect the economy and ecosystems (Boumans et al. 2015,
NAIS Natural Assets Information System Spatial Informatics Group Integrated valuation database and reporting engine. The database is integrated with proprietary spatial modeling tools to characterize ecosystems and flow of services on the landscape (Troy and Wilson 2006,
SolVES Social Values for Ecosystem Services U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Spatial mapping and modeling tool primarily for quantifying cultural ecosystem services using public participatory GIS (Sherrouse et al. 2011,
TESSA Toolkit for Ecosystem Service Site-based Assessment BirdLife International A process using flow charts to describe how ecosystem services benefit society under current conditions and alternative scenarios (Peh et al. 2013,