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Table 1 Mean number ± SE of elk, cattle, and mule deer pellet groups by habitat types and season, Lincoln National Forest, 2004–2006

From: Herbivory of sympatric elk and cattle on Lincoln National Forest, south-central New Mexico

Season Cover type 2004 2005 2006
Elk Cattle Elk Cattle Deer Elk Cattle Deer
Annual Meadow 12.8 ± 1.8X 3.4 ± 1.0X 0.0 ± 0.0Y 29.5 ± 4.6X 10.6 ± 1.9X 0.2 ± 0.1X
Aspen 4.9 ± 1.1Y 0.1 ± 0.1Y 0.6 ± 0.2Y 7.6 ± 1.4Y 0.6 ± 0.4Y 0.6 ± 0.2X
Thinned conifer 11.9 ± 2.1X 1.0 ± 0.4Y 1.4 ± 0.5X 12.4 ± 1.9Y 0.3 ± 0.2Y 1.5 ± 0.4Y
Burn 7.6 ± 1.3XY 3.3 ± 1.1X 1.8 ± 0.4X 7.4 ± 1.4Y 0.9 ± 0.4Y 2.4 ± 0.7Y
Spring-autumn Meadow 12.3 ± 3.4A 8.8 ± 1.5A 10.4 ± 2.9 7.0 ± 1.9A 0.2 ± 0.1A 7.1 ± 1.5A 5.8 ± 1.3A <0.1 ± 0.1A
Aspen 4.8 ± 0.9 0.5 ± 0.2B 0.4 ± 0.2A 3.6 ± 0.7AB 0.1 ± 0.6B 0.4 ± 0.2AB
Thinned conifer 3.3 ± 0.9B 2.4 ± 0.8B 4.7 ± 1.0 1.0 ± 0.4B 1.7 ± 0.3B 5.2 ± 0.5A 0.6 ± 0.5B 1.0 ± 0.2C
Burns 4.3 ± 0.7 1.6 ± 0.6B 2.7 ± 0.6B 1.4 ± 0.4B 0.4 ± 0.2B 0.8 ± 0.4BC
  1. Means with different letters (Annual: XYZ; Spring–autumn: ABC) within a COLUMN and SEASON differ (P < 0.10)