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Table 2 Estimates for the fixed parameters and random components of Equation 1

From: Ingrowth, survival and height growth of small trees in uneven-aged Picea abies stands in southern Finland

Fixed effects
Parameter Estimate Standard error t-value p-value
β 0 -2.53262 0.04859 -52.13 < 0.0001
β 1 0.93862 0.01089 86.16 < 0.0001
β 2 16.39989 0.71418 22.96 < 0.0001
β 3 0.41721 0.03633 11.48 < 0.0001
β 4 -0.33940 0.07008 -4.84 < 0.0001
β 5 1.36607 0.06074 22.49 < 0.0001
Random forest stand effects
  u 0 u 1   
u 0 4.1320 × 10-3 -0.487   
u 1 -9.9498 × 10-4 1.0102 × 10-3   
Random errors
  e    
e 5.0258 × 10-2    
  1. Estimates for random forest stand effects comprise variances (diagonal), covariances (lower triangle) and correlations (upper triangle), whereas random errors are specified by a variance estimate.